Isabel Egenton Ostrande (1885-1924), who also wrote as "Robert Orr Chipperfield," "David Fox," and "Douglas Grant," wrote Ashes to Ashes (1919). Dorothy Sayers calls it "...an almost unique example of the detective story told from the point of view of the hunted rather than the hunter."
Frederick Irving Anderson (1877- )
Deputy Parr of the New York police appeared in both series, then was given a series of his own beginning in 1921.
The Book of Murder (1930) collects the Parr stories, which were originally published in The Saturday Evening Post. Haycraft writes that Anderson "has shown perhaps the greatest mastery of the American short detective story of any writer since Melville Davisson Post, whom he closely resembles in ingenuity, command of plot, and the carefully integrated backgrounds of his work" (Murder for Pleasure).
Octavus Roy Cohen (b. 1891- ). His detective (a "private agent") is Jim Hanvey. Hanvey is "Ponderous, uncouth, but ingratiating...." The Hanvey stories followed " 'slick' magazine formula-fiction" (Haycraft,Murder for Pleasure).
Ernest M. Poate created his detective, Dr. Bentiron. Willard Huntington Wright tells us, "...the figure of Dr. Bentiron -- an eccentric but lovable psychopathologist -- will long remain in the memory of those who make his acquaintance" (The Great Detective Stories).
James Hay, Jr. (1881-1936) created Jefferson Hastings.
Lee Thayer (b. 1874- ) created her detective Peter Clancy.
Hulbert Footner wrote about Madame Storey "a favorite of so particular and experienced a reader as Christopher Morley" (Murder for Pleasure).
Natalie Sumner Lincoln (1881-1935)-- "most of her numerous novels belong to the romance-mystery category; a few qualify as detection for its own sake" (Murder for Pleasure).
Kay Cleaver Strahan (b. 1888- )
Vincent Starrett (b. 1886- ) "has produced from time to time some ingenious examples of plain and fancy sleuthing...." (Murder for Pleasure).
Ben Ames Williams (b. 1889- )"has written excellent tales which escape being detection by only a narrow margin" (Murder for Pleasure).
Arthur Somers Roche (1883-1935)-- his works resemble those of Louis Joseph Vance (who wrote about The Lone Wolf).
Harvey J. O'Higgins (1876-1929)wrote about Barney Cook -- his "boy hero." Stories were based on the actual methods of the Burns agency. His detective, Detective Duff, is "the only psychoanalytic sleuth of any prominence" (Murder for Pleasure). (Remember that this assessment is, of course, at the time of Haycraft's writing during the 1940s.)
T.S. Stribling (b. 1881- ) wrote Clues of the Caribbees (1929), his "single and too little known volume of Poggioli tales" (Murder for Pleasure). Charles Honce says the concluding story "is positively thunderous; it will knock you right out of your seat."
Frances Noyes Hart (b. 1890- ). The Bellamy Trial (1927)was a day-by-day account of a murder trial; Hide in the Dark (1929)is "credited with popularizing the parlor game 'Murder' (or vice versa)" (Murder for Pleasure).
Willard Huntington Wright took the pseudonym "S.S.
Van Dine" to produce a dozen Philo Vance novels. Haycraft tells us that
Wright "rejuvenated and re-established the genre in his native land."
For a few years Vance was "the best known fictional sleuth on the
The Philo Vance books have great literacy and a high degree of verisimilitude, but he was "a developer, an adapter and polisher of other men's techniques, rather than a true innovator" (Murder for Pleasure).
Raymond Chandler said that Philo Vance is "probably the most asinine character in detective fiction" ("The Simple Art of Murder"). And Ogden Nash once wrote:
Needs a kick in the pance"
(Note: Nash's misspelling is on purpose.)
Samuel Dashiell Hammett, who wrote as Dashiell Hammett, was "a creator of the first rank" (Haycraft, Murder for Pleasure). He is the "acknowledged founder of the realistic or 'hard-boiled' division of detective writing." (Note: Haycraft doesn't mention John Carroll Daly, who created Race Williams.)
Dashiell Hammett wrote the following books:
"Without him [Dashiell Hammett] there might not have been a regional mystery as clever as Percival Wilde's Inquest, or an ironic study as able as Raymond Postgate's Verdict of Twelve, or a savage piece of intellectual double-talk like Kenneth Fearing's The Dagger of the Mind, or a tragi-comic idealization of the murderer as in Donald Henderson's Mr. Bowling Buys a Newspaper, or even a gay and intriguing Hollywoodian gambol like Richard Sale's Lazarus No. 7" (Raymond Chandler, "The Simple Art of Murder") .
Ellery Queen is the name of both author and sleuth, who wrote "adventures in deduction" that are "entirely American in their idiom." The Ellery Queen tales are a successful blending of the Van Dine and Hammett schools. "The Queen stories...represent some of the most competent writing that has been done on this side of the water in the field of the deductive tale contrived for purely entertainment purposes" and "One of the most successful collaborations in contemporary writing" (Howard Haycraft, Murder for Pleasure). The name "Ellery Queen" is a pseudonym for cousins Frederic Dannay and Manfred B. Lee (both b. 1905).
"Ellery Queen has been uncovering murders and untangling mysteries with such suavity and sophistication that he has become one of the most popular fictional sleuths extant" (News-Week).
Dannay and Lee also created Drury Lane (detective); for this short series (which consisted of only four novels), they took the name "Barnaby Ross" as their pseudonym.
"Ellery Queen is to-day deservedly one of the two or three best known names in American detective fiction" (Howard Haycraft, Murder for Pleasure).
"The Queens' have never failed to give their multitude of followers honest merchandise" with an "absolutely logical" fair-play method of deduction (Haycraft, Murder for Pleasure).
Earl Derr Biggers (b. 1884) created Charlie Chan (his detective). Biggers had written a hugely successful mystery called Seven Keys to Baldpate (1913) (not a Chan).
And the Charlie Chan movies became hugely successful -- more movies were made about Charlie Chan than about almost any other fictional detective. I must confess that when I was a boy ethnic stereotypes were lost on me. I was unaware that others might be offended by the character of Charlie Chan, and I personally found him endearing.
Click on the Slideshow below to Buy from Amazon: